"Food is one of the essential of life. So it should be pure, nutritious and free from any type of adulteration for proper maintenance of human health."
It is the duty of every government to make pure food available to the countrymen in sufficient quantities. In order to make available adulterated food in the country, the Government makes variousfood laws. Similarly, Government of India also made the laws to prevent adulteration in food articles in 1954 called "Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954". To given effecto the provisions of the Act, Rules were made in 1955 and called "Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules, 1955". Though PFA Act and Rules are Central Legislature but theresponsibility of implementation has been entrusted to the State Governments and Union Territories. Each State Government and Union Territory has created its own organisation or implementation of the Act and Rules framed thereunder.
SCOPE OF THE P.F.A. ACT
The PFA Act makes provisions for the prevention of adulteration in food, enacted by the Parliament and it extends to the whole of India. Based on the experience of the
Act from time to time, various provisions of Act have been amended in the year 1964, 1976 and 1986. These amendments have been aimed at providing stringent punishments to
the offenders and giving powers to the voluntary consumer organisations to actively associate themselves in the programme of implementation of food laws.